Army Warfighting Challenges

Army Warfighting Challenges (AWFCs) are enduring first order problems, the solutions to which will improve current and future force combat effectiveness. These challenges are reviewed and updated as needed to remain applicable for the future force. The last review of the AWFCs and related learning demands (see below) was completed on 08 October 2015. You may also download a flyer of the challenges here.

Updates As of 2/27/2017:

Challenge Definitions:

No Changes

Learning Demands:
2/3.1, 2/3.3, 2/3.5, 2/3.7, 2/3.8, #4.1 , #7.5,



Warfighting Challenge #1

Develop Situational Understanding

How to develop and sustain a high degree of situational understanding while operating in complex environments against determined, adaptive enemy organizations.

Lead

Intelligence Center of Excellence (ICoE)

Learning Demands

Learning Demands for AWFC #1 are For Official Use Only (FOUO).





Warfighting Challenge #2/3

Shape the Security Environment

How does the Army influence the security environment and engage key actors and local/regional forces in order to consolidate gains and achieve sustainable security outcomes in support of Geographic Combatant Commands and Joint requirements.

Lead

Mission Command Center of Excellence (MCCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. How can the Army develop a common operating picture of security cooperation activities among the components, including special operations forces and UA partners, to ensure unity of effort for activities that mutually support the Integrated Country Strategy (ICS) and GCC goals?
  2. What host nation information is necessary to accurately identify security cooperation opportunities and assess the outcomes of engagements across all domains (to include the presence or anticipated occurrence of mega-cities)?
  3. How does the Army improve training and educational effectiveness to advance the proficiency and readiness of Host Nation (HN) forces?
  4. How can Army Service Component Command’s (ASCC) TSC planning integrate Regionally-Aligned Forces (RAF) to improve efficiency and achieve theater objectives?
  5. How can the Army better enable ASCCs to identify supporting objectives, identify requirements, set priorities for countries and resources, and asses the activity and its impact on the theater security objective?
  6. How can the Army maximize the potential of personal relationships built through international military education and training as a force multiplier for security cooperation activities? (
  7. How can TRADOC ensure Army personnel understand the nuances of planning, executing, and assessing Army Security Cooperation activities prior to assignment at ASCCs? (
  8. How can the Army train, sustain, and incorporate the skills of cultural awareness and language training throughout the Soldiers' careers?
  9. How does the Army generate and sustain forces to support the GCC’s SFA requirements for developing relationships and strengthening partner land forces, while also conducting bilateral/multinational exercises and unexpected contingencies?
  10. What are the Army force structure requirements that best enable sustained partner activity operations necessary to develop shared aims, goals, and objectives?




Warfighting Challenge #4

Adapt the Institutional Army and Innovate

How to improve the rate of innovation to drive capability development and deliver DOTMLPF-P solutions to the warfighter at a pace that meets operational demand within the existing constraints of the acquisition and budgeting processes.

Lead

ARCIC

Learning Demands
  1. What are the individual, organizational, and institutional barriers that impede innovation (that don’t require a change to laws)?
  2. Does the Army have appropriate systems in place to anticipate changes in the operational environment and adequate systems in place to share them within the community of practice?
  3. How does the Army harness the collective creative capacity that exists throughout the force to continue to build adaptive leaders and a more responsive institution?
  4. How and what are the mechanisms that will enable the Army to increase collaboration with members of industry, academia, and think-tanks? How do we insure these are documented, culled for information, and then forwarded to the community of practice?
  5. How can the Army harness innovative solutions through crowd sourcing?
  6. How does the acquisition life-cycle process need to change to create a more agile, adaptive, and responsive process?
  7. How effectively have we implemented past recommendations to increase the rate of innovation?

Warfighting Challenge #5

Counter Weapons of Mass Destruction

How to prevent, reduce, eliminate, and mitigate the use and effects of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high yield explosives (CBRNE) threats and hazards on friendly forces and civilian populations.

Lead

Maneuver Support Center of Excellence (MSCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. How do future forces detect, protect and mitigate future WMD threats and CBRNE hazards to maintain freedom of action and increase situational understanding across wide areas and in dense urban environments?
  2. How do future forces deny the ability for WMD proliferation pathways to prevent adversary development of WMD?
  3. How do future forces conduct sustained operations in a CBRN hazard environment?
  4. How do future forces support the attribution of WMD threats and CBRN hazards?
  5. How do future forces support elimination of adversary WMD programs?
  6. How do future forces prevent the employment of enemy WMD capabilities?
  7. How do future forces support CBRN consequence management operations to save lives, mitigate human suffering and protect infrastructure?

Warfighting Challenge #6

Conduct Homeland Operations

How to operate across multiple domains and with multiple partners to defend the homeland and mitigate the effects of attacks and disasters. Recently updated

Lead

Maneuver Support Center of Excellence (MSCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. What are the legal and policy impediments and requirements of the 'complex world' on Army homeland operations, and how must these develop to enable the Army to protect the homeland while guaranteeing our freedoms?
  2. How does the Army contribute to an active, layered global defense in the forward regions and in the approaches to prevent, and protect the homeland against, emerging threats and hazards?
  3. How do Army forces within the homeland contribute to an active, layered global defense to prevent, and protect the homeland against, emerging threats and adversaries?
  4. How does the Army ensure the resilience necessary to conduct the full range of military operations after domestic disasters or attacks?
  5. How will future Army installations integrate support for domestic operations into their core missions and capabilities?
  6. How do Army forces support civil authorities in response to complex catastrophes and disasters in complex urban environments in order to save lives, minimize human suffering, and protect critical infrastructure?
  7. How does the Army seamlessly transition between, or simultaneously execute, DSCA and HD operations in the homeland?
  8. How does the Army execute simultaneous support to Humanitarian Assistants/Disaster Relief (HA/DR) and foreign consequence management (FCM) operations while maintaining capacity for domestic disaster response?
  9. How should Army organizations change to meet requirements for future homeland operations?
  10. How does the Army respond to Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) events in the homeland?




Warfighting Challenge #7

Conduct Space and Cyber Electromagnetic Operations and Maintain Communications

How to assure uninterrupted access to critical communications and information links (satellite communications [SATCOM], positioning, navigation, and timing [PNT], and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance [ISR]) across a multi-domain architecture when operating in a contested, congested, and competitive operating environment.

Lead

Cyber Center of Excellence (CyberCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. How can the Army engineer the tactical network to reduce user complexity, improve capacity, increase resiliency, maximize bandwidth efficiency, enable dynamic reconfiguration, and improve EW and cybersecurity capabilities, while becoming expeditionary?
  2. What is the optimal way for the Army to organize the activities associated with cyberspace operations to maximize cyber capabilities across the Army Warfighting Functions while minimizing required resources?
  3. What is the optimal way to employ cyberspace capabilities within the elements of traditional combat power and a multi-domain battle framework to support Unified Land Operations in and through dense urban areas and megacities to deliver the effects required by Commanders at all echelons? (CCoE)?
  4. How can the Army better prepare its leaders and soldiers to operate in denied, degraded, and disrupted space operating environments (D3SOEs)?
  5. What effects must Army forces deliver to assure overmatch and freedom of action for Army and joint forces?
  6. What capabilities do Army forces need to rapidly establish a space architecture that enables an expeditionary and globally deployed Army?
  7. How does the Army develop and maintain situational understanding across the range of military operations to win in a complex world?
  8. What are the intersections, overlaps, gaps, and seams between space, cyberspace, electromagnetic spectrum operations, military intelligence, and information operations and how can the Army effectively integrate these operations to support Unified Land Operations? (CCoE)
  9. How does the Army execute Navigation Warfare (NAVWAR), ensuring that Army forces have assured and reliable access to position, navigation, and timing (PNT) information while denying the same to our adversaries? (SMDC)
  10. How does the Army execute Special Technical Operations (STO), ensuring that emerging special technical capabilities (such as Alternative Compensatory Control Measures, ACCM) are integrated to support Unified Land Operations? (SMDC)

Warfighting Challenge #8

Enhance Realistic Training

How to train Soldiers, leaders and units to ensure they are prepared to accomplish the mission across the range of military operations while operating in complex environments against determined, adaptive enemy organizations.

Lead

CAC-T

Learning Demands
  1. How does the Army improve and evolve the Integrated Training Environment in order to effectively replicate all conditions of the future operational environment – enabling adaptive realistic training--while also improving and evolving unit training management and readiness reporting?
  2. How does the Army continue to improve its training and education development policy, requirements, processes, products, concepts, strategies, plans, and tool?
  3. How does the Army continue to improve current training management systems and processes; while continuing to improve Unit Training Management (UTM), and nest Army Training Management Systems (ATMS) with Training Information Infrastructure (TII) and Army Training Information System (ATIS) efforts?
  4. How does the Army improve the effectiveness of training and educational enablers to improve outcomes, return on investments and increase Soldier, Leader and unit proficiency and readiness?
  5. How does the Army continue to improve the sustainment of crew and small unit collective maneuver, mission command training, home station ranges and training land, and its combat training centers?
  6. How does the Army continue to improve its Training Information System and allow more efficient, effective, and intuitive access to training information?
  7. How does the Army continue to improve its delivery of rigorous, relevant, and tailored distributed training and education at the point of need from a responsive and accessible delivery capability?

Warfighting Challenge #9

Improve Soldier, Leader and Team Performance

How to develop resilient Soldiers, adaptive leaders, and cohesive teams committed to the Army professional ethic that are capable of accomplishing the mission in environments of uncertainty and persistent danger.

Lead

Mission Command Center of Excellence (MCCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. Talent Management: How can the Army best recruit, assess, develop, and manage Soldiers and Army Civilians throughout their life cycle, with increased focus on individual competencies and attributes, to build effective teams and meet Army needs?
  2. Human Performance Research and Assessment. How can the Army best continuously improve the cognitive, social, and physical performance of Army Professionals through the conduct and application of research, development, and assessment?
  3. Holistic Health and Fitness. How can the Army best enhance Soldier and Army Civilian health and readiness through a personalized and holistic program that improves human performance and resilience?
  4. Team Building. How can the Army best provide training guided by mission command to forge diverse individuals and organizations into cohesive teams based on mutual trust and unity of effort?
  5. Social Intelligence. How can the Army best develop trusted professionals as effective team members, who thrive in complex social environments, adapt to diverse cultures, communicate effectively, and build relationships?
  6. Army Profession. How does the Army reinforce an ethos of trust that supports honorable service, military expertise, stewardship, and esprit de corps?
  7. Intellectual Optimization. How can the Army best develop innovative and individualized learning programs to equip Army Professionals with the intellectual diversity and capacity to succeed in complex environments?

Warfighting Challenge #10

Develop Agile and Adaptive Leaders

How to develop agile, adaptive, and innovative leaders who thrive in conditions of uncertainty and chaos and are capable of visualizing, describing, directing, and leading and assessing operations in complex environments and against adaptive enemies.

Lead

Mission Command Center of Excellence (MCCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. How should the Army demonstrate its commitment to the Army Profession, life-long learning, and development?
  2. How should the Army balance its commitment to the training, education, and experience components of leader development?
  3. How should the Army manage military and civilian talent to benefit both the institution and individual?
  4. How should the Army select and develop leaders with positive leader attributes and proficiency in core leadership competencies for responsibility at higher levels?
  5. How should the Army prepare adaptive and creative leaders capable of operating within the complexity of the operational environment and the entire range of military operations?
  6. How should leader development enable or support the realization of Mission Command?
  7. How should the Army demonstrate valuing a broad range of leader development experiences and developmental opportunities?

Warfighting Challenge #11

Conduct Air-Ground Reconnaissance and Security Operations

How to conduct effective air-ground combined arms reconnaissance and security operations to develop the situation rapidly in close contact with the enemy and civilian populations.

Lead

Maneuver Center of Excellence (MCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. What (DOTMLPF) changes are needed to effectively plan, synchronize and execute air-ground reconnaissance at all echelons from PLT to EAB?
  2. What DOTMLPF changes are required to enable threat overmatch/maximum range detection, identification and engagement against adversaries employing advanced countermeasures and deception techniques in all operational environments?
  3. How will capabilities of manned and unmanned aircraft be exploited during conduct of reconnaissance to collect and develop combat information and disseminate information to supported commander and staff?
  4. How can remote sensor and robotic technology be developed and integrated to support combined arms reconnaissance?
  5. How do we enable recon under the special conditions offered by CWMD operations, subterranean ops, and security operations over wide areas?
  6. How does the Army establish and maintain access to Land WarNet and thereby contribute to the processing, exploitation and dissemination of intelligence and/or information in support of ROMO?
  7. How do Army Forces conduct air-ground R&S operations to enable situational understanding for commander's decision making and risk reduction?
  8. What combinations of joint, interagency, multinational, and conventional capabilities (teaming air-ground and special operations forces, fires, cyber, electronic warfare and Intelligence) can be employed as an enduring tactic, technique and procedure producing sufficiently actionable information to enable persistent suppression, destruction or avoidance of enemy air defense threats across a defined area of operations and ensure friendly air operations in support of ground maneuver?
  9. What are the GPF - Special Operation Forces Air-Ground reconnaissance interdependencies necessary to effectively plan, synchronize and execute air-ground reconnaissance at the operational level?
  10. What are the Soldier, leader and unit competencies required for Army forces to conduct R&S Operations in the future?

Warfighting Challenge #12

Conduct Joint Expeditionary Maneuver and Entry Operations

How does the Army deploy and project forces, conduct forcible and early entry, and set conditions across multiple domains to rapidly transition to offensive operations to ensure access and seize the initiative.

Lead

Maneuver Center of Excellence (MCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. What DOTMLPF-P capabilities enable Army forces to conduct joint entry operations in complex A2AD environments from strategic distances and rapidly transition from movement to maneuver, present multiple dilemmas to the enemy, and accomplish mission objectives?
  2. How do future Army forces deploy combat-configured, combined arms forces rapidly, transition quickly, and conduct joint combined arms operations of sufficient scale and ample duration?
  3. How do Army forces integrate and synchronize joint, interorganizational and multinational capabilities to protect early entry forces from enemy A2AD threats?
  4. What DOTMLPF-P capabilities do early entry forces require to realize mission command in degraded environments and support expeditionary maneuver?
  5. How do Army forces leverage the sea as maneuver space to execute cross domain maneuver?
  6. What cross-domain deployment capabilities do maneuver forces require to conduct initial entry operations at multiple points simultaneously?
  7. How do Army forces ensure timely and sufficient distribution of intelligence products to support commander’s decision making in the conduct of forcible and early entry operations?
  8. What DOTMLPF-P capabilities do Army forces require to conduct forcible and early entry operations into or in close proximity to dense urban areas?
  9. How do Army forces conduct forcible and early entry operations; transport personnel, equipment and supplies; and conduct air medical evacuation from land and and sea bases to austere or unprepared landing zones?
  10. How do Army forces exploit significantly improved aircraft performance to gain a maneuver advantage?

Warfighting Challenge #13

Conduct Wide Area Security

How do Army forces establish and maintain security across wide areas (wide area security) and across multiple domains to protect forces, populations, infrastructure, and activities necessary to shape security environments, consolidate gains, and set conditions for achieving policy goals.

Lead

Maneuver Center of Excellence (MCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. What DOTMLPF-P capabilities enable Army forces to consolidate gains, including the relocation of displaced civilians, reestablishment of law and order, performance of humanitarian assistance, and restoration of key infrastructure?
  2. How do Army forces transition from the occupation of territory and control of populations gained as a result of military operations, to the transfer of control to legitimate authorities building the capability to govern and secure the host nation?
  3. How do Army forces conduct persistent, cross domain, integrated reconnaissance and security operations to provide early and accurate warning, preserve freedom of maneuver, protect populations and critical infrastructure, and consolidate gains?
  4. How do Army forces integrate and synchronize joint, interorganizational, and multinational capabilities to protect populations, friendly forces, installations, borders, infrastructure, and activities?
  5. How do Army forces conduct local security across formations and echelons to develop situational understanding, preclude enemy options, and protect the force from dangers?
  6. What DOTMLPF-P capabilities are required to enable reconnaissance and security operations across wide areas that may include dense urban, subterranean, and other complex environments?
  7. How do Army forces employ remote and standoff CBRN detection and integrate disparate, non-CBRN detectors to enhance situational understanding during joint combined operations?
  8. How do Army forces conduct engineer operations to assure mobility, enhance protection, enable force projection and logistics, build partner capacity and develop infrastructure?
  9. How do Army forces plan and design, secure, construct, operate, and transfer or close contingency bases to provide a protected location from which to project and sustain combat power?
  10. How will advanced manned and unmanned air/ground capabilities be integrated to facilitate collection, development, and dissemination of actionable combat information for rapid targeting across domains?

Warfighting Challenge #14

Ensure Interoperability and Operate in a Joint, Interorganizational and Multinational Environment

How to integrate joint, interorganizational, and multinational partner capabilities and campaigns to ensure unity of effort and accomplish missions across the range of military operations.

Lead

Mission Command Center of Excellence (MCCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. How to conduct the Operations Process (plan, prepare, execute, and assess) in a JIM environment?
  2. How to efficiently share information in a JIM environment?
  3. How to train effectively for operations within a JIM environment?
  4. How to integrate sustainment operations in a JIM environment?

Warfighting Challenge #15

Conduct Joint Combined Arms Maneuver

How to conduct combined arms air-ground maneuver to defeat enemy organizations and accomplish missions in complex operational environments.

Lead

Maneuver Center of Excellence (MCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. What training strategies (LVC-G) and scenarios will best support proficiency in combined arms maneuver in future operations?
  2. How do we enable the SQD, PLT, and CO to integrate with and employ Joint/Army assets (intelligence, MPF, engineer, fires, Army Aviation, reconnaissance, CAS, etc.) from EAB to gain overmatch over opponents?
  3. How do we best enable IBCTs to rapidly transport, maneuver, and support dismounted forces during decisive action?
  4. How do we provide BCTs at company and below the ability to apply immediate, overwhelming, precision direct fire to destroy defilade or long range targets and other lethality improvements to achieve overmatch against opponents?
  5. What MPF capabilities would best support BCT's ability to develop the situation in close contact with the enemy, seize and retain the initiative, and maintain FOM during offensive operations?
  6. How does the Army achieve situational understanding which enables the defeat of enemy organizations across the ROMO through combined arms maneuver?
  7. How do future Army forces conduct maneuver support operations to enhance friendly force freedom of action, shape terrain, and deny enemy movement?
  8. How does the Army rapidly and effectively shape the terrain against enemy forces from the small unit level up to the division/corps level using lethal and nonlethal munitions or other similar capabilities (given the loss of existing counter mobility capabilities)?
  9. What combinations of joint, interagency, multinational, and conventional capabilities (teaming air-ground and special operations forces, fires, cyber, electronic warfare and Intelligence) can be employed as an enduring tactic, technique and procedure producing sufficiently actionable information to enable persistent suppression, destruction or avoidance of enemy air defense threats across a defined area of operations and ensure friendly air operations in support of ground maneuver?
  10. How will capabilities of manned and unmanned platforms be exploited during conduct of reconnaissance to collect and develop combat information and disseminate information to supported commander and staff?

Warfighting Challenge #16

Set the Theater, Sustain Operations, and Maintain Freedom of Movement

How to set the theater, provide strategic agility to the joint force, and maintain freedom of movement and action during sustained and high tempo operations at the end of extended lines of communication in austere environments.

Lead

Sustainment Center of Excellence (SCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. Identify and assess the Army’s roles/responsibilities to Set (Surge) the Theater ISO ASCC/JFC?
  2. How does the Army facilitate access to seize the initiative in early entry operations?
  3. How does the Army underscore US commitment to Allies/Partners and better assist the GCC to shape the theater and build partner capacity?
  4. What are the attributes/characteristics of resilient and reliable sustainment and distribution networks ISO semi-independent formations in dispersed operations?
  5. What changes are required to enable a more lethal and agile Expeditionary Force that maintains combat effectiveness and overmatch?
  6. How does the Army, with joint, inter-organizational, and multinational partners, sustain global cross domain maneuver, in sufficient scale, and for ample duration to achieve JFC objectives?
  7. How should the Army mitigate constraints and vulnerabilities with a shrinking overseas defense posture while maintaining the ability to rapidly respond to “unknown, unknowable, and ever changing” global crisis?
  8. How does the Army drive fundamental demand reduction IOT conduct semi-independent and dispersed operations for operational reach and prolonged endurance?
  9. How does the Army ensure Freedom of Movement and Action in a Multi-Domain Battle?
  10. How does the Army sustain cross domain maneuver in areas of dense urban terrain?

Warfighting Challenge #17/18

Employ Cross-Domain Fires

How to employ cross-domain fires to defeat the enemy and preserve freedom of action across the range of military operations (ROMO).

Lead

Fires Center of Excellence (FCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. How does the Fires Cell in the Operational Fires Command rapidly clear and gain engagement authorization to employ Army and JIM fires across all domains during JCAM?
  2. How does the Fires Cell in the Strategic Fires Command rapidly clear and gain engagement authorization to employ Army and JIM fires across all domains in ROMO?
  3. How does the Operational Fires Command deliver effective cannon, rocket, and missile fires against land, air, and maritime targets with the capacity, range, and lethality to overmatch enemy capabilities?
  4. How does the Strategic Fires Command deliver effective rocket and missile fires against land, air, sea, and space targets to defend friendly forces and critical assets? (
  5. How do the Operational and Strategic Fires Commands employ cross domain fires within a JIM environment, leveraging joint assets and the capabilities of allied nations? (
  6. How does the Observation Battery of the Operational Fires Command provide persistent all weather targeting in dense urban/suburban areas during JCAM?
  7. How does the Target Acquisition Battery in the Strategic Fires Command provide persistent all weather targeting in littorals across ROMO?
  8. How does the Fires Cell of the Operational and Strategic Fires Commands integrate Army and JIM sensors to collect and share information, facilitate targeting and engagements, and provide early warning?
  9. How does the Observation Battery of the Operational Fires Command locate ground and maritime targets throughout the depth of the joint operational area with sufficient accuracy and timeliness to engage targets with precision cannon, rocket, and missile fires, achieving desired effects only on designated targets?
  10. How does the Operational and Strategic Fires Command leverage space-based capabilities in satellite communications (SATCOM), position, navigation and timing (PNT), intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), missile warning (MW), and environmental monitoring (EM) during multi-domain battle?

Warfighting Challenge #19

Exercise Mission Command

How to understand, visualize, describe, and direct operations consistent with the philosophy of mission command to seize the initiative over the enemy and accomplish the mission across the range of military operations.

Lead

Mission Command Center of Excellence (MCCoE)

Learning Demands
  1. How does the Army Create Unity of Effort to effectively implement mission command to achieve Army-wide understanding and application of the MC philosophy leading to successful Unified Land Operations (ULO) in support of the joint force?
  2. What individual, collective and leader MC training/development tasks are critical to the application of MC philosophy and to execute the MC WFF?
  3. How does the Army measure success with MC implementation?
  4. How do future Army forces, at all echelons and in all conditions, achieve continuous MC?
  5. How do Army forces, at all echelons and under all conditions, achieve sustainable understanding, training, employment, and maintenance of automated MC information systems?
  6. How do Army forces, at all echelons and under all conditions, plan, prepare, execute and access operations using analog procedures and maintain commonality when the digital Mission Command Information Systems (MCIS) are degraded or unavailable?
  7. How do Army forces, at all echelons and under all conditions, achieve full MCIS interoperability to meet operational requirements with Unified Action Partners?
  8. How do future leaders at all echelons embody the Mission Command Philosophy and achieve the ability to understand, visualize, describe, direct, lead and assess performance optimization with agility and confidence?
  9. How do Future Army forces achieve the ability to describe, plan, integrate, continuously assess, and incorporate Cyber Electromagnetic (CEM) activities?

Warfighting Challenge #20

Develop Capable Formations

How to design Army formations capable of rapidly deploying and conducting operations for ample duration and in sufficient scale to accomplish the mission.

Lead

Army Capabilities Integration Center, Capabilities Developments Directorate (ARCIC CDD)

Learning Demands
  1. How does the Army improve its ability to task organize for purpose while preserving combined arms capability at the lowest level?
  2. How to develop / design our ground formations to conduct decentralized combined arms maneuver with integrated air-ground operations across contested land, air, maritime, space, and cyberspace domains over wide areas and in congested and restricted urban terrain that allows them to secure wide areas and control territory to protect populations and consolidate gains?
  3. How to develop formations that allow division and JTF commanders to set the conditions for the close fight and seize, retain and exploit the initiative?
  4. Does a Hybrid maneuver unit consisting of Infantry, Stryker, Mechanized Infantry and Armor increase the speed and efficiency of employment? If so, what is the optimum formation, company, battalion or brigade?
  5. How to identify reductions or efficiencies in overhead that preserve fighting capability?
  6. How to develop, train and retain air ground formations?
  7. What technology improvements can be provided to the formation in the Near-, Mid-, and Far-Terms which:
    • a. Reduce the gross weight / cube of the formation's major end items?
    • b. Allow the execution of mission requirements with far fewer personnel and/or equipment?
    • c. Improve range, lethality, and precision to overcome anti-access and area denial, extend mutual support across greater distances to significantly reduce or eliminate the need for external Indirect Fire and TacAir support?
    • d. Significantly reduce its sustainment demands?
    • e. Use of Remote and Autonomous Systems (RAS) (robotics) to increase lethality, improve protection, and extend Soldiers’ and units’ reach?
    • f. Insert technologies into formations which obviate the need for separate, specialized functional organizations?
    • g. Provide equipment, organizational designs, and deployment TTP that enable formations to deploy and rapidly transition into operations significantly reducing requirements for Reception, Staging, Onward Movement and Integration (RSOI)?
    • h. Allow maximum integration of improved protection, lethality, mobility and power generation without negatively impacting deployment or sustainment?
  8. What organizational design changes can be enacted in the Near-, Mid-, and Far-Terms which improve speed of employment and/or close or mitigate capability gaps?
  9. Can the pooling of resources (i.e. transportation assets, fuel, and weapons systems) reduce deployment requirements while enabling formations access to resources to conduct operations of ample duration and in sufficient scale to accomplish the mission?
  10. How does the Army use experimentation to ensure the best balance (combat, maneuver support, sustainment and mix) and stance (ability to react to wide range of contingencies) for the Army to avoid “not getting it too wrong?”

  Join the Community!

Army Warfighting Challenges

You can help develop these Warfighting Challenges by joining the AWFC discussion on milSuite! Join individuals from across the Community of Practice contribute insights and solutions that will be heard by Army Senior Leaders. Join the community, and help build the Future Force today!
To learn more, visit our milWiki Site in a new tab or window or, to collaborate, visit our milSuite site.